To complement the #5dayofreferencing we are also going to blog the most frequently asked questions from the School of Management concerning referencing. We have broken these up into five separate themes.
Today: What is it?
Tuesday: Social Media
Wednesday: Law Resources
Thursday: Specific Business Resources
Today we are going to be looking at frequently asked questions relating to the format of the document.
Often when searching the Internet for information for your assignment the hardest part, when it comes to referencing, is identifying the content within the page that has been found. ie. is it a journal article, e-book, blog post as it is the content that determines the layout of the reference.
Such content can include, but is not limited, to:
|YouTube video||TV shows||Press releases|
|Maps||Blog Posts||TED Talks|
|Newspaper Articles||Magazine Articles||Reports|
What is important to remember that a lot of this nebulous content is not academic and should be used sparingly (or not at all) within your academic writing. As such, it is not included in our Referencing According to the APA 6th Style guide. However as it is sometimes necessary to include this type of information, below is some guidance as to how to cite appropriately.
Essentially four pieces of information are required to cite:
Who – the author (personal or corporate) or creator
When – When was the document was published
What – The title
Where – information to find the information. This can include web address, publisher, place of publication etc.
Armed with this information you should then be able to create your reference using the following format:
How do I reference a Google Book?
To be honest the conventions for referencing a book from Google Books is the same as a standard eBook.
Again, referencing a chapter of an edited e-book follows the same convention as any other eBook:
What is important to note is often when using resources such as Google Scholar and Google Books the landing page is part of a larger document, and not all the information required can be located on the webpage. If the information is not visible in the document, but can be found elsewhere, add the Information in square brackets.
The following information is missing. What do I do?
Information found when doing a general search often has more missing details than academic sources. There are ways of dealing with missing information. However please note that the credibility of references can be diminished if information is not available.
If no page number is visible use a short title enclosed in double quotation marks along with para. no
If no date use (n.d.)
If no place of publication known use (n.p.)
If no publisher know use (n.p.)
Use question marks to indicate uncertainy regarding names and dates.
Use ca. to indicate estimated dates.
If the information is not visible in the document, but found elsewhere, add the Information in square brackets.
Should I keep my Hyperlinks in the document?
APA state that Hyperlinks are ‘permissible’ in APA referencing. Guidance given is that as there is no rule governing the use of hyperlinks consideration to the audience and delivery should be taken into account.
Retrieved from… When do I use it?
You only need to include the date the information was retrieved if the website is likely to change frequently. If the information is “published” with a static date no date of retrieval is required.
Tomorrow we will be looking at Social Media in your work.
For further information please contact the School of Management library team: